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Want Rural 21st Century Broadband? Form a Co-Op or Wait Indefinitely for Someone Else to Provide It

This co-op provides 25Mbps broadband in rural Minnesota.

Parts of rural Minnesota are teaching the nation a lesson or two about how to deliver rural broadband — form a community co-op and provide it yourself, or wait forever for a commercial provider to deem it sufficiently profitable to deliver a reasonable level of service.

Minnesota’s Broadband Task Force indirectly proved the case for community Internet access with their first official report on the state of broadband in the North Star State.

While the populous Twin Cities are well-provided-for by large cable and phone companies, most of rural Minnesota gets far slower (and spottier) access to telephone company DSL, which is increasingly uncompetitive and inadequate for the 21st century knowledge economy.  Commercial providers have repeatedly told rural Minnesota their 1-3Mbps DSL service is plenty fast enough, at least for those who can purchase the service.  City slickers enjoy speeds of 10Mbps or more in Minneapolis and St. Paul.  But as many more rural residents and small businesses will tell you, DSL just cannot get the job done at current speeds, especially for higher bandwidth applications.

Not all of Minnesota is stuck with second-class Internet access.  Two sections of the state where residents were unwilling to accept the broadband status quo now have speeds that rival anything on offer in Minneapolis or St. Paul, because they decided to provide the service themselves.

Farmers Mutual in Madison, Federated Telephone in Morris, and Paul Bunyan Communications in Bemidji have been running fiber optic cables up and down area streets and delivering next generation broadband to some very happy customers.  All are cooperatives — community-owned providers that put their customers (who also happen to be the owners) ahead of Wall Street shareholder profits.  The result: modern and reliable service, instead of “good enough for you” Internet access at sky-high prices from for-profit phone companies.

Farmers Mutual provides service at speeds up to 20/20Mbps, with faster service forthcoming in the future.  They also believe in an open Internet, free from provider interference.  Just outside of their service area, DSL (where available) often runs at speeds of 1Mbps or less.

Federated Telephone offers a unique Ethernet-based broadband service at 20/20Mbps speeds that advertises unlimited usage — a selling point when larger phone companies like AT&T now place limits on Internet access.  Outside of their service area, many rural Minnesotans are stuck using satellite Internet service or dial-up.

Paul Bunyan Communications goes one step further with a network that already delivers 25Mbps broadband in communities like Bemidji and Grand Rapids (Minn.)  Those speeds are simply unavailable from commercial providers in northern Minnesota.

Minnesota’s broadband story is retold across America.  Urban communities have fast speed, but high prices.  Rural communities have inferior DSL at high prices or nothing at all.  Only about 57 percent of Minnesota households now meet the statewide speed goal of 10/6Mbps service.  Cable operators have no problems achieving 10Mbps download speeds, but 6Mbps upload speeds are very uncommon.  Phone companies cannot reliably achieve either with traditional ADSL service.

The state’s broadband goals are aggressive:

By 2015, the state of Minnesota will:

  • a. Be in the top five states of the United States for broadband speed universally accessible to residents and businesses; and,
  • b. Be in the top five states for broadband access (availability); and,
  • c. Be in the top 15 when compared to countries globally for broadband penetration (adoption).

Community owned co-ops are the most likely to help the state achieve their broadband goals. The state is currently ranked 24th in broadband speed.

Currently there are 7 comments on this Article:

  1. Just for the record, the folks in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul aren’t doing so great. We have Comcast offering fast cable service but the only other broadband option tends to be crap DSL from CenturyLink. In some limited places, CenturyLink’s DSL is competitive with Comcast, but for the most part, if you want fast access to the net in the metro, you are stuck with whatever Comcast is offering.

  2. cyberdoyle says:

    Woo hooo, go for IT! never let anyone drag you down, communities can do networks. They really can.

  3. C says:

    Co-Ops are definitely the way to go, they are local and the dollars stay local. Plus, a Co-Op is not driven by obscene profits to its shareholders but instead service to its customers which are the shareholders . We had a small private telecom company out in Maple Lake-Annandale that was providing great service and enhancing the network for the future until they sold out to a larger telecom from Iowa at which point all network enhancements stopped and prices rose. The Iowa telecom company then sold out to a larger national telecom company and it appears the residents of the area will be stuck with decade old technology and no hope in sight of faster speeds and lower prices in the future.

  4. The Doctor says:

    Most of what it would take to setup community broadband I understand.

    1. One or more inverstors who decide to set up a point of presence preferably in a location where they can connect to a couple of t1 lines or some of the better high volume options out there from a comericial net provider at a certain leased dollar rate a month.

    2. Come up with a method to distribute the service.

    Now in the case of laying fiber I would assume they would need permits and right of way from the town/county or state planning boards.

    I live in one such area where the broadband is not up to snuff. Sadly this is in Western NY where pretty much if you live on a road with fewer then 10 houses per square mile of road.. your stuck on the satalite internet train… which I can tell you is not in the same league as DSL or cable.

    It would be nice to see someone publish a guide on how to start up one of these co-ops because I see it as a buiness opportunity for many.

    Now I am fine with big telecom not wantin to make the investment. But why do they need to be such dicks and block others from coming in and filling the niche they don’t want to fill?

    And also if others are willing to take the risk then why not parter with those who want to take the risk as a sort of vendor for the big telecoms?

    I see that as a win win.. so why doesn’t wall street?

  5. Scott says:

    If you want to learn more about setting up community broadband you really need to read under WiMax Wireless setups.

    Trying to run fiber for your own community broadband project isn’t going to be cost effective, that’s something you do for a large scale deployment.

    Your best option for a rural area with fellow neighbors looking to work together is a WiMax or “white space’ (if it goes mainstream) wireless setup. There are one or two books that go over it and several good independant or vendor forums where WiMax wireless providers discuss the products and business.

    Most vendors will actually provide you with some of the work up front allotting some engineer time to determine what you need.

    I can point you right now to the three best vendors I’ve worked with:

    Ubiquiti Networks, and Ruckus Wireless if you want top notch software/hardware and have experienced wireless/network engineers to volunteer for the project and upkeep.

    If you don’t have experienced people to do the work, you can pay a bit more upfront and ongoing but get the advantage of a super easy to maintain system by going with a company called “Meraki”. Their products are entirely controlled through the ‘cloud’ via their website and are extremely easy to setup and manage. They also founded the company on providing wireless for mesh networks and public WiFi, so the have some built-in support to handle situations like running a basic community broadband or WISP setup entirely through their system.

    People don’t use T1’s now either, there 1.54mbits isn’t enough to handle broadband needs, but you could probably get metro ethernet or some other package from your local Telco, just make sure your contract allows for resale.

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